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FUSION is a set of spatially explicit model components to integrate [CBM], [GFTM], (projected) Land Use, and a harvest cost calculations for the purpose of integrated modelling to assess forestry biomass feedstock availability. This page describes the components of Fusion as mappings of input datasets to resulting datasets. Each dataset is described as a mapping from a set of indices to a set of attributes, which can also be indices. Fusion is implemented in the GeoDMS.



  • _1A: StatusA \( \in \) {'Ar', 'For', 'Un'}
  • _1B: StatusB \( \in \) {CC: Clear Cutting allowed aka FAWS (IUCN_CAT = Other), Th: Only Thinning allowed aka FAWSp(IUCN_CAT = 2 or 4), Un: Unavailable aka FnAWS(IUCN_CAT =0 or 1)}
  • _2: Forest Type, aka FT
  • _3: NutsRegion, aka NR
  • _4: Management Type, aka MT
  • _5: Management Strategy, aka MS
  • _6: Climatic Unit, aka CU
  • _7: BLCF, functionally dependent on _2 and further ignored, except when allocating GFTM demand
  • AC: AgeClass

  • DT: Disturbance Type
  • HWP: Harvested Wood Products \( \in \) { IRW: Industrial Round-Wood, FW: Fuel Wood }

  • t: time { 2015, 2020, 2025, 2030}
  • y: {1..5} Year (of a disturbance within a time period)
  • C: raster cell, \((100m)^2\).

Combined Indices

  • 6A: combination of _1A, _2 .. _6.
  • 6B: combination of _1B, _2 .. _6.
  • row: generic term for a set of keys for a CBM record
  • rowA: combination of 6A and AC.
  • rowB: combination of 6B and AC.

Exogenous Datasets

  • BACK_INVENTORY: rowA->(Area, _7, OtherAttrs)

produced by CBM GUI

Endogenous Datasets


rowB -> (Area, _7, OtherAttrs)

Produced by FUSION_AWS, see issue 942


  • AWS maps,
  • species probability maps

Disaggregation to c by fencing on _3 and _6, discrete allocation on _2, _4, _5 using probability maps per FT related species, and MT and MS related factor maps when available, and then assign AC based on a volume map for < 2015. resulting in C -> row


rowB -> (Area, _7, Biomass_carbon_ha, Other attributes) produced by CBM 2015 using BACK_INVENTORY_AWS: , and a fixed set of disturbances.


  • (_7)->(???)

Produced by CBM MWS(t) with t= 2015..2020, or later using INVENTORY(t)


rowB -> (Costs [EURO per m3], AreaCheck)

Produced by FUSION_HC


  • INVENTORY(2015),
  • CostFactors of Gulia: C->Costs[EURO per m3]

Disaggregation to c by fencing on _3 and _6, discrete allocation on _2, _4, _5 using probability maps per FT related species, and MT and MS related factor maps when available, and then assign AC based on a volume map for 2015. resulting in C -> row, used to aggregate C->Costs[EURO per m3] to HC. QUESTION: HOW to aggregate? Average costs might take very expensive locations into account which will not be harvested. Better: an average of the cheapest half.


  • (_7,HWP->q) [m^3]

Produced by GFTM(t)


  • INV_MAX(t) as constraint.


(rowB, AC)->(_7, DT, Removed Carbon)

Produced by FUSION_DT


  • INVENTORY(t): rowB->(Area, _7, Biomass_carbon_ha), aka \( A_{rowB} \) and \( C_{rowB}\)
  • DEMAND(T): (_7)->Demand[m^3 / yr], aka \( D(T)_{\_7} \)
  • HC: rowB -> (Costs [EURO per m3]), aka \( R_{rowB} \)
  • silviculture: (_1B, _2, _4, _5, {MAN, NAT}, AG) -> (DT, Frac_Merch_Biom_rem), aka \( DT_{sc} \) and \( \rho_{sc} \)


  • Each INVENTORY row, relates to one row in HC, one row in silviculture if the NAT rows are ignored, and one row in Demand(t).
  • For each INVENTORY row, the total volume [in kg] is determined by multiplying Area[ha] and Biomass_carbon_ha [kg/ha].
  • For each INVENTORY row, the maximum yield is determined by multiplying the total volume with the related silviculture->Frac_Merch_Biom_rem: \( Y_{rowB} := A_{rowB} \cdot C_{rowB} \).
  • Then per related demand category, all Inventory rows are ordered on HC->Costs in ascending order and the first rows are selected up to the cumulative total of the maximum yield exceeds the demand.
  • For the selected INVENTORY rows, the DT of the related silviculture are applied, for the unselected rows, DT becomes 0.
  • Removed_Carbon becomes maximum_yield for the selected rows and 0 for the unselected rows.

Alternatively, one could allocate an area fraction \( x_{rowB} \) to each INVENTORY row, based on a descending function of Harvest costs, for example, proportional to \( \exp\left(-\beta \cdot R_{rowB}\right)\), such that the \( \sum\limits_{rowB \in \_7} x_{rowB} \cdot Y_{rowB} = D(t)_{\_7} \)

These steps are taken for IRW.

Then, a supply curve for FW and OWC provision is generated, listing harvesting options for the 5 year period in ascending order of costs per m3. The supply curve lists quantity and costs, and for which row and why it is available: {OWC of selected IRW, FW with OWC, FW, OWC of cheaper FW}.


rowB -> (Area, _7) produced by CBM(t) using INV(t-1), disturbances(t)

Remaining work

  • divide IRW demand over the different disturbance types, proportional to maximum potential yield.
  • for SI: MS prob maps should only be used of MT=1 => combine MS and MT in selecting a probability map.
  • allocate disturbances per year and report only active disturbances
  • allow fractional disturbances (area intensity), keep a record of remaining area per row during the years
  • provide a FuelWood supply curve over the 5 years, including OWC that may arise from IRW and FW harvesting
  • clean-up unique_region and unique_type relations; replace overlay by key, xx_ref, and rlookup.
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